Blogs Details

Thyroid Check up

Public Health
07-Jul-2017
Blogs Detailed

The thyroid gland, or simply the thyroid, is an endocrine gland in the neck, Consisting of two lobes connected by an isthmus. It is located in front of the neck below Adam's apple. The thyroid gland secretes thyroid hormones, whichPrimarily influence the metabolic rate and protein synthesis. The hormones also have many other effects including those on development. The thyroid hormones triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) are synthesised from iodine and tyrosine. Some cells of thyroid also produce the hormone calcitonin, which plays a role in Calcium homeostasis.

Hormonal output from the thyroid is regulated by thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) secreted from the anterior pituitary gland, which itself is regulated by thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) produced by the hypothalamus.The thyroid may be affected by several diseases.

There are two types Thyroid :

 

Hyperthyroidism and Hypothyroidism. Hyperthyroidism occurs when the gland produces excessive amounts of thyroid hormones, the most common cause being Graves' disease – an autoimmune disorder. In contrast, hypothyroidism is a state of insufficient thyroid hormone production. Worldwide, the most common cause is iodine deficiency. Thyroid hormones are important for development, and hypothyroidism secondary to iodine deficiency remains the leading cause of preventable intellectual disability. In iodine-sufficient regions, the most common cause of hypothyroidism is Hashimoto's thyroiditis - also an autoimmune disease. In addition, the thyroid gland may also develop several types of nodules and cancer.

COMMON SYMPTOMS OF THYROID DISORDERS

  • ·       Tiredness
  • ·       Weight gain/weight loss
  • ·       Hair loss
  • ·       Changes in mood (hyper, anxious)
  • ·       Sweating a lot more than usual
  • ·       Irregular menstrual cycle
  • ·       Swollen neck
  • ·       Changes in heart rate
  • ·       Dry skin / brittle nails
  • ·       Tingling and numbness in the hands or fingers.

 

HOW CAN WE IDENTIFY THYROID DISORDERS

Examining your neck in the area of Adam's apple while you swallow can sometimes detect if your thyroid is enlarged, swallow while tipping the head back, and examine your neck and the area above the collarbones. If you see any lumps or bulges consult a doctor immediately.

 

APPROACHES TO THE THYROID ASSESSMENT

Thyroid gland assessed by the surgeon through triple modalities

1. T3, T4 & TSH

2. Ultrasound of the neck

3. FNAC

 

THYROID FUNCTION DISORDERS TEST

Through the blood test, we can diagnose many thyroid disorder conditions. Thyroid function Tests(TFT) is a collective term for blood tests used to check the function of thyroid such as T3, T4 and TSH. TFT may be requested if the patient is thought to suffer from Hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid) or Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid). A TFT panel typically includes Thyroid Hormones such aS, Triiodothyronine (T3), Thyroxine (T4), and Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH).

 

25 May 2017 is celebrated internationally as World Thyroid Day. On the same day Muthoot Medical Centre kozhencherry is organizing a Thyroid Camp in their Conference Hall. Registration starts at 8.00 am. An awareness class on Thyroid disorders and its management will be taken by our panel of specialist Doctors. Rs.50 will be charged from patients as, which includes checking of T3, T4 &TSH. The patients those who need further treatments like USG of neck, needle biopsy and Thyroid Surgery will be done at reduced rates at a later point of time. For more information call 7025496600

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