All the above “survival” questions were asked to throw light on what happens to our mood when seasons change. Life naturally slows down in winter as sunlight becomes scarce and days grow shorter in winter.
SEASONAL Affective Disorder or “SAD” is a type of depression seen during the same season every year. Winter blues, Winter depression etc are the nicknames for SAD.
1) Feeling sad, moody, grumpy or anxious
2) Reduced interest in routine activities
3) Craving for more carbohydrates and hence weight gain
4) Having low energy
5) Hypersensitivity to rejection
6) Frequent oversleeping
7) Relationship problems
8) Heaviness in arms and legs
1) Low Serotonin levels – Serotonin is a brain chemical which regulates our mood and is produced during daytime. During winter, as daytime is shorter Serotonin production is less and hence our mood will be low.
2) High Melatonin levels – Melatonin produced during night time regulates our sleep. Melatonin production is high during winter as daylight is less and people tend to be more sleepy and tired.
3) Upsetting the “Circadian Rhythm” or our “Biological Clock” which tells our body when to sleep, rise, eat - regulating many of our physiological processes.
1) Exposure to more sunlight during daytime
2) Shut down the screen light like mobiles, laptops, television after 8.00 pm
3) Sleep in complete darkness at night
4) Follow a healthy diet
5) Physical exercise
SAD can occur to anyone but if the symptoms meet the diagnostics criteria of mental illness, treatment has to be taken. Call 0468-231 4000 to get in touch with our psychiatry department.