Blogs Details

Seasonal Affective Disorder

Public Health
07-Jul-2017
Blogs Detailed

Does time seem to go on a lot slower during winter?

Or

Is life more bright and sunny and dreamy during summer?

All the above “survival” questions were asked to throw light on what happens to our mood when seasons change. Life naturally slows down in winter as sunlight becomes scarce and days grow shorter in winter.
 

 

WHAT’S GOING ON?                           

SEASONAL Affective Disorder or “SAD” is a type of depression seen during the same season every year. Winter blues, Winter depression etc are the nicknames for SAD.

 

HOW DO PEOPLE BEHAVE DURING THIS TIME?

1)  Feeling sad, moody, grumpy or anxious

2) Reduced interest in routine activities

3) Craving for more carbohydrates and hence weight gain

4) Having low energy

5) Hypersensitivity to rejection

6) Frequent oversleeping

7) Relationship problems

8) Heaviness in arms and legs

 

WHY DO PEOPLE ACT LIKE THIS?

1)  Low Serotonin levels – Serotonin is a brain chemical which regulates our mood and is produced during daytime.  During winter, as daytime is shorter Serotonin production is less and hence our mood will be low.

2)  High Melatonin levels – Melatonin produced during night time regulates our sleep. Melatonin production is high during winter as daylight is less and people tend to be more sleepy and tired.

3)  Upsetting the “Circadian Rhythm” or our “Biological Clock” which tells our body when to sleep, rise, eat  - regulating many of our physiological processes.

 

SO WHAT CAN YOU DO TO FIGHT “SAD” ness?

1)  Exposure to more sunlight during daytime

2)  Shut down the screen light like mobiles, laptops, television after 8.00 pm

3)  Sleep in complete darkness at night

4)  Follow a healthy diet

5)  Physical exercise

 

SAD can occur to anyone but if the symptoms meet the diagnostics criteria of mental illness, treatment has to be taken. Call  0468-231 4000 to get in touch with our psychiatry department.

Emergency cases

95 62 501213
Muthoot Health Care

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